The growth of the modern coal mining in the 19th century brought with it it dramatic changes in both settlement and society on and near the Hardwic
Farming the Hardwick Estate
William Senior's plan of Hardwick, c.1609, showing the two mansions and the surrounding park shortly after Bess had died.
Parish Life and the Hardwick Estate
Hardwick New Hall is famous as the home of the one of the most powerful women of the 16th century, Elizabeth countess of Shrewsbury, whose initials
Produced by University of London
The Old Hall at Hardwick survives only as a shell, with remnants of its plaster decoration.
Image supplied courtesy of English Heritage.
Definition of administrative geography.
During the 12th and 13th centuries, as the population and economy of England expanded, a large number of new towns were laid out in most parts of t