Until 1719, the area that was to become Sunderland was divided into two parishes which served administrative as well as religious purposes.
The ancient parish of Monkwearmouth comprised the townships of Monkwearmouth, Fulwell, Southwick and Hylton.
The medieval parish of Bishopwearmouth comprised the townships of Bishopwearmouth, Ford, Bishopwearmouth Panns, Ryhope, Silksworth, Tunstall and Bu
In this section on overview of the geology and landscape of Bolsover area is given.
This stream, a tributary of the Devon Yeo and the boundary between Molland and Twitchen, may have been the ancient western boundary of the Angl