Burford and the Arts and Crafts Movement
Among its most famous proponents was William Morris (1834-96), who, with others in his circle, produced hand-crafted wallpapers, textiles, furniture and books aimed at recapturing the spirit and quality of medieval craftsmanship. The movement developed a strong architectural dimension, dedicated to reviving traditional vernacular architecture based on local materials, traditional local styles, and fine craftsmanship.
In Burford, such ideas were shared by many of the artists, writers and intellectuals who moved into the town c.1900-30, and exerted a strong impact on the town's social tone and appearance. Among other interests they shared an enthusiasm for English folk dancing: the folksong revivalist Cecil Sharp was a visitor to both Kelmscott and Calendars.