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Fulling and Finishing

After weaving, cloth had to be fulled to shrink and strengthen the fabric, providing greater resistance to wear and weather. The process originally involved immersing the cloth in a trough filled with water and chemicals (such as fuller’s earth and urine), which helped remove any grease or dirt, and compressing it by foot or hand. The introduction of water-powered fulling mills in the later 12th century mechanised and speeded up the process, with two wooden hammers replacing human effort.

Content generated during research for the paperback book 'Burford: Buildings and People in a Cotswold Town' (ISBN 13 : 9781860774881) for the England's Past for Everyone series

Content derived from research undertaken as part of the Victoria County History project