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Explore England's Past


Elizabeth dowager countess of Shrewsbury (c.1521–1608), best known to history as `Bess of Hardwick', is probably the third most famous Englishwoman

Thomas Hobbes

In 1811, just short of his 21st birthday, William Spenser Cavendish (the 6th duke of Devonshire) inherited one of the largest landed estates in the

The Blacksmith's Shop at Hardwick Colliery (Holmewood).

Duchess Georgiana married the 5th duke of Devonshire in 1775.

Very many of Sunderland's male population were freemasons in the late 18th century.

The first written evidence of the Hilton family is in 1157 A.D., on an agreement between Romanus de Hilton and Absolom, Prior of Durham, that Roman

There is no firm evidence of Roman settlement in Sunderland, with the main sites of occupation in the region being the Roman forts at Newcastle, So

Much of what we know of Anglo-Saxon Sunderland comes from the writings of the celebrated monk and scholar Bede who, in his famous work The Eccl

The most prominent secular tenants within the Sunderland area  were the Hiltons, who held the castle and lordship of Hylton (See the Hilton Family