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The mouth of the Wear, source of much of the nation’s power, was a natural enemy target in wartime.

There was a military presence in the port through much of the 18th century, but it was not until the century's end, during the French wars, that a

On 4 March 1644, the Scots occupied Sunderland, thus gaining a secure base of operations in northern England and a port to receive supplies.  This