VCH Explore

Explore England's Past


Derek Rowell at work at Sunderland Maritime Heritage, Church Street East. For more about this extraordinary volunteer effort see here.

Whilst there is some evidence of small scale coal exporting in medieval Sunderland it was not until the closing decades of the 16th century that th

There is evidence of some small scale salt production in Sunderland during the later middle ages.

River fisheries formed part of the bishop’s rights, or were attached to the former monastic lands, and, as with other properties of the bishop, wer

Bricks and tiles have been used for building in Ledbury for centuries.

Fulling shrank the cloth considerably - in the early 16th century it was accepted that a 32-yard cloth would shrink to 25 yards - so as it dried, t

Stogursey, being a very large and populous parish had several mills.

Sheep farming was an important part of the Cotswolds economy by the Roman period.

After weaving, cloth had to be fulled to shrink and strengthen the fabric, providing greater resistance to wear and weather.

The little river Avill drove a surprising number of corn and fulling mills in the Middle Ages.