VCH Explore

Explore England's Past


Cape Cornwall is located near St Just-in-Penwith. It is the remains of a small medieval chapel, used as a farm building.

The first Wearmouth Bridge is a Sunderland icon, commonly used to illustrate local pottery.

The coal reserves nearest to the coast could not be reached before deep-mine technologies were developed early in the 19th century.

The coal trade was at the centre of Sunderland's economy throughout the 18th and 19th century.

Very many of Sunderland's male population were freemasons in the late 18th century.

Sunderland cottages are a distinctive local feature.

From directories and other sources comes evidence of trades and occupations in the port and surrounding area before 1800.

The coastal area south of the port of Sunderland, Hendon and its coastline have been much altered over past centuries.

There were Jewish inhabitants at an early date, a rabbi and small congregation by the late 18th century, and a greater influx after 1870, of Lithua

Sunderland became a city in 1992, sixty years after the first attempt to gain city status.