VCH Explore

Explore England's Past


The greatest period of smuggling coincided with wars from 1689 to 1815. Starting as a response to a salt tax in the 1680s, by the 1690s many other

Topographical views of Mount's Bay.

Penzance and Newlyn were rival ports in Mount's Bay - through out history they were competing for economic dominance of the bay.

Newlyn town had a quay since medieval times, but it appears to have collapsed.

By the 19th century Mousehole was just one distinct settlement. Its population growth was small, from 1461 in 1841 to 1655 in 1901.

Image supplied courtesy of English Heritage.

The remains of the old north pier jut out into the harbour between the river mouth and the much newer Roker pier.

The first Wearmouth Bridge is a Sunderland icon, commonly used to illustrate local pottery.

Bishopwearmouth Panns was a tiny township of six acres, most of it reclaimed from the river before 1600.

As the port developed its overseas trade, Sunderland began to appear on sea charts and navigational guides.