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The coal trade was at the centre of Sunderland's 17th-c. prosperity, and continued to thrive through the 18th century.

River fisheries formed part of the bishop’s rights, or were attached to the former monastic lands, and, as with other properties of the bishop, wer

Barton's Pans lie immediately behind the line of the sea wall built by the Tendring Level Commissioners across the mouth of the Gunfleet estuary.