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Hardwick Timeline

Produced by University of London

William Senior's plan of Hardwick, c.1609, showing the two mansions and the surrounding park shortly after Bess had died.

Elizabeth dowager countess of Shrewsbury (c.1521–1608), best known to history as `Bess of Hardwick', is probably the third most famous Englishwoman

The most prominent secular tenants within the Sunderland area  were the Hiltons, who held the castle and lordship of Hylton (See the Hilton Family 

Hendon, located on the coast, immediately to the south of the borough, was already in use as a port by the later 14th century, although other refer

River fisheries formed part of the bishop’s rights, or were attached to the former monastic lands, and, as with other properties of the bishop, wer

Few local court records survive for Sunderland in the medieval and early modern periods.

Following its dissolution in 1536 the buildings and land of the monastic cell of Monkwearmouth cell.

Charting the course of Sunderland's population growth from its early beginning as a small fishing town, 'in great decay of buildings and inhabitant

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