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Explore England's Past


The growth of the modern coal mining in the 19th century brought with it it dramatic changes in both settlement and society on and near the Hardwic

Sunderland' s first purpose-built town hall was the Exchange Building.

The town plan of Sunderland was determined by the layout of its medieval burgages.

Transcribed and introduced by Maureen M Meikle.   The customs posts were prized at Sunderland, so there was always competition when a vaca

The medieval parish of Bishopwearmouth comprised the townships of Bishopwearmouth, Ford, Bishopwearmouth Panns, Ryhope, Silksworth, Tunstall and Bu

The ancient parish of Monkwearmouth comprised the townships of Monkwearmouth, Fulwell, Southwick and Hylton.

The borough was created by charter of Hugh du Puiset, bishop of Durham in c.1180-1183, probably in the hope that it  would generate the same degree

The borough of Sunderland was in the hands of the bishop of Durham, Although its charter conferred certain privileges, effective authority remained

The government of Sunderland was determined by its status as a medieval borough.

Few local court records survive for Sunderland in the medieval and early modern periods.