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Hardwick New Hall is famous as the home of the one of the most powerful women of the 16th century, Elizabeth countess of Shrewsbury, whose initials
Parish Life and the Hardwick Estate
William Senior's plan of Hardwick, c.1609, showing the two mansions and the surrounding park shortly after Bess had died.
Farming the Hardwick Estate
Elizabeth dowager countess of Shrewsbury (c.1521–1608), best known to history as `Bess of Hardwick', is probably the third most famous Englishwoman
The coal trade was at the centre of Sunderland's 17th-c. prosperity, and continued to thrive through the 18th century.
The most prominent secular tenants within the Sunderland area were the Hiltons, who held the castle and lordship of Hylton (See the Hilton Family
Hendon, located on the coast, immediately to the south of the borough, was already in use as a port by the later 14th century, although other refer
River fisheries formed part of the bishop’s rights, or were attached to the former monastic lands, and, as with other properties of the bishop, wer