VCH Explore

Explore England's Past


Holy Trinity, attributed to the architect William Etty, was built in 1719 to serve the newly created parish of Sunderland.

The town plan of Sunderland was determined by the layout of its medieval burgages.

The government of Sunderland was determined by its status as a medieval borough.

As the port developed its overseas trade, Sunderland began to appear on sea charts and navigational guides.

Glass making was one of the industries which developed in later 17th century Sunderland, taking advantage of the supply of otherwise unsaleable coa

The changing face of the Sunderland quayside

By the early 1700s the wealthy urban élite of Sunderland were complaining that  most pews in Bishopwearmouth were owned by local landowners.

By 1700 it was only too clear that a new approach towards the river and harbour was essential.

  Disposing of sand ballast was a problem which grew with trade.