VCH Explore

Explore England's Past

Archaeological Sites, Monuments and Objects

Codford Circle, a prehistoric ditch and bank enclosure to the north-east of Codford St Mary village

An archaeological site is a location where evidence of past human activity is preserved. Remains may be visible above ground, such as buildings, earthworks and standing stones, or may be preserved beneath the modern ground surface, requiring archaeological techniques, including excavation and geophysical survey, to reveal them. Archaeological features may be termed monuments if they were constructed for ritual, ceremonial or commemorative purposes.

Archaeological sites and monuments in England include settlements (see Prehistoric and Roman Settlements), landscape features (such as field systems, parks and boundaries), industrial sites (including mines, quarries, mills and factories), military installations (for example, castles, forts and walls), funerary remains (including barrows, cemeteries and tombs) and religious structures (such as stone circles, temples, stone crosses and churches).

Archaeological objects (or artefacts) illustrate the diversity of past human endeavour. As stray finds, perhaps recovered from ploughsoil, they are studied for their intrinsic art, function and technology, but if recovered in situ they can often help to date associated archaeological remains. Some materials are better preserved in the archaeological record than others; for example more stone, precious metal and glass artefacts have been recovered than those made from wood, iron, textile or bone, which tend to decay more easily. Occasionally valuable artefacts were deposited in groups known as hoards. Examples of artefacts commonly recovered from English archaeological sites are coins, pottery, jewellery, tools and weaponry.

Theme Items

Both the church and village of St Germoe, are named after St Germoe, a 5th century Irish saint.

This famous well is located near St Keyne’s Church.

Crosses from around Gwennap. Gwennap parish is an inland parish, situated between the towns of Redruth and Truro.

Cornwall (like other areas of the UK with a Celtic heritage)  is well served by holy wells and springs, with water to reputedly heal and cure illne

Cornwall (like other areas of the UK with a Celtic heritage)  is well served by holy wells and springs, with water to reputedly heal and cure illne

There seven known medieval crosses in Illogan parish, most of which are in poor condition, with missing heads or eroded.  We do not know the locati

There are four holy wells in Camborne parish. They are the wells of St Meriasek, St Ia Chapel, St Magdalene and Sancot.

Ten crosses have been identified in Camborne parish. These have been found in churchyards, in walls or near sacred wells.

St Ia's Chapel was built to accompany the nearby holy well. It was licenced on 1429. It lies on the banks of a wooded gorge.

This questionnaire was completed by a volunteer working on the project