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Explore England's Past

Archaeological Sites, Monuments and Objects

Codford Circle, a prehistoric ditch and bank enclosure to the north-east of Codford St Mary village

An archaeological site is a location where evidence of past human activity is preserved. Remains may be visible above ground, such as buildings, earthworks and standing stones, or may be preserved beneath the modern ground surface, requiring archaeological techniques, including excavation and geophysical survey, to reveal them. Archaeological features may be termed monuments if they were constructed for ritual, ceremonial or commemorative purposes.

Archaeological sites and monuments in England include settlements (see Prehistoric and Roman Settlements), landscape features (such as field systems, parks and boundaries), industrial sites (including mines, quarries, mills and factories), military installations (for example, castles, forts and walls), funerary remains (including barrows, cemeteries and tombs) and religious structures (such as stone circles, temples, stone crosses and churches).

Archaeological objects (or artefacts) illustrate the diversity of past human endeavour. As stray finds, perhaps recovered from ploughsoil, they are studied for their intrinsic art, function and technology, but if recovered in situ they can often help to date associated archaeological remains. Some materials are better preserved in the archaeological record than others; for example more stone, precious metal and glass artefacts have been recovered than those made from wood, iron, textile or bone, which tend to decay more easily. Occasionally valuable artefacts were deposited in groups known as hoards. Examples of artefacts commonly recovered from English archaeological sites are coins, pottery, jewellery, tools and weaponry.

Theme Items

Cape Cornwall is located near St Just-in-Penwith. It is the remains of a small medieval chapel, used as a farm building.

One of the last acts of the Paul Urban District Council was to put up street nameplates in Newlyn (though not Mousehole) as a belated response to r

There are a variety of crosses from Paul parish. Paul is situated just to the south of Newlyn.

Frith Wood is a 75 hectare wood, owned and managed by the Forestry Commission.

Codford Circle, with its bank and ditch, viewed from the air looking south, with Punch Bowl Bottom to the right.

Discovered built into the wall above the chancel arch of St Peter’s church in 1864, this Anglo-Saxon sculpture now stands against the north chancel

Although the medieval village of Parham was cleared and its inhabitants moved to nearby Rackham as recently as 1778-9; no record exists of where th

Exmoor National Park Authority bought the Simonsbath sawmill from the Fortescue estate in the 1990s to safeguard the character of the building and

At Codford, an aerial photograph revealed cropmarks within the extant single bank and ditch, consistent with a much earlier type of monument, a Neo

The basis for much speculation has been the Anglo-Saxon sculptured stone found in St.